In most developing countries, communicable diseases are the most common causes of death, illness and disability. These diseases include Malaria, Measles, Cerebrospinal meningitis, Cholera, Yellow fever, Lassa fever, Tuberculosis, HIV/AIDS, Diarrhoea and Pneumonia, etc.
The Federal Ministry of Health has enunciated programs for the elimination, eradication prevention and control of these diseases, with technical support from development partners.
The Ministry, through the Integrated Disease Surveillance and Response (IDSR) Technical Advisory Committee is also responsible for mobilizing and deploying resources for disease surveillance and out break response. Presently, the existing surveillance system is insensitive as it is incapable of detecting early warning signs of outbreaks.
The resultant effect of the poor surveillance system is high mortality, morbidity and disability, with attendant suffering of our people.