Since 2000, the prevalence among adults has stabilized at under 4%, as compared to an approximate prevalence of 4.6% among pregnant women. Young women between the ages of 15 and 24 are more than twice as likely to be living with HIV as young men in the same age range.
Most new infections (42%) are among persons engaged in “low-risk” sex, and include married persons or cohabiting sexual partners. There is a wide variation in prevalence between states, ranging from 1.0% to as high as 10.6%. States and Federal Capital Territory have prevalence of 5% and above.